Technology developments are strongly shaping transport and mobility, with advances in digitalisation creating the ground for more performant ITS solutions.
These solutions are based on higher levels of connectivity and automation, offering more sustainable, inclusive mobility services. MaaS is a reality, and big data and AI techniques are providing authorities and transport operators with powerful tools to design and operate more flexible, resilient and smarter forms of mobility.
Moreover, new behaviours and mobility patterns require research and innovation in user-centric and inclusive approaches. The growth of e-commerce and the importance of urban logistics strongly impact citizens’ quality of life. And along with the transformation of public spaces, new forms of service co-creation have therefore to be investigated and promoted.
User-focus and inclusive mobility
Accessibility; Behaviours and mobility patterns; Co-creation of services and citizen engagement; Gender issues in mobility; Mobility as a Service (MaaS); Mobility information for citizens; On-demand mobility; Smooth and active modes; Social inclusion and societal issues in mobility; Transport poverty; Travel guidance and route planning; Vulnerable to exclusion citizens.
Connected and automated multimodal mobility
Automated mass transit; Automated terminal operations; Automated vehicle; Automation in urban logistics; CCAM – cooperative, connected and automated mobility; Connectivity (V2V/V2I, ITS-G5, 4G/5G); Inter-modality; IoT and smart infrastructures; New business models; Sensoring and real-time information; Sharing and pooling; Urban air mobility; Urban planning and transport.
Innovation and the use of data, ITS and AI
Big data; Co-creation of mobility services; Cyber-security and data privacy; Data sharing and ownership; Digitalization in mobility; Information for the public ITS; Mobility knowledge management; New business models; Ticketing and payment systems; Transport services and sustainable cities; Travel guidance and route planning.
Efficient and Innovative logistics
Automation in urban logistics; Collaboration in logistics; E-commerce; Clean energy vehicles in urban logistics; Environmental impacts of logistics; First mile / last mile; New business models in logistics; Physical internet; Synchro-modality; Urban logistics.
Decarbonisation for a climate-neutral economy by 2050 is a global challenge addressed by the European Green Deal, pointing, namely, to the ambitious goal of reducing 90% of greenhouse emissions from transport. Likewise, the Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy of the EC reinforces the importance of sustainable mobility for achieving an irreversible shift to zero-emissions across all transport modes, while ensuring other relevant objectives for social well-being.
This path to a carbon-neutral and sustainable mobility of people and goods requires multiple and integrated transport solutions, where research and innovation play an essential role, either in urban or interurban networks, and through land, waterborne or air transport, encompassing vehicles technology, infrastructures, operations, mobility services and regulatory tools.
Carbon neutrality and zero-emission vehicles
Carbon footpath; Climate-neutral economy; Climate responsiveness; Global warming; Low and zero-emission areas; WTW analysis; Zero-carbon cars; Zero-emission aircraft; Zero-emission airports; Zero-emission heavy vehicles; Zero-emission maritime vessels; Zero-emission ports; Zero-emission powertrains.
Energy efficiency, electrification and alternative fuels
Batteries; Bi-directional charging; Charging infrastructures; Clean hydrogen; Clean energy engines; e-mobility; Networks integration; Private and public charging; Renewable and low- carbon fuels; Renewable energy; Smart charging grids.
Sustainable interurban and urban mobility
Air quality; Circular economy; Clean mobility options; Clean public transport; Equitable and universal access; Health and quality of life; Impacts of health measures in mobility; Micromobility; Multimodal transport; Parking; Re-design of urban space for active mobility; Sustainable cities and communities; Traffic efficiency; Traffic noise and vibrations mitigation.
Greening freight transport
Autonomous intercity road freight transport; City logistics; Combined transport; Drones freight distribution; e-commerce; Freight intermodality; Green logistics; Inland waterways freight; Rail freight; Shor-sea and deep-sea shipping; Transhipment infrastructures; Zero-emission urban freight transport.
Reinforce the wider single market for Europe, maintain competitiveness, and enhancing cross border integration and interoperability is a major goal. Furthermore, infrastructure systems should be upgraded to cooperate to novel transport and logistic needs, namely concerning their own needs with sustainable construction and maintenance works, and by actively exchanging data to accommodate connected and automated vehicles and their energy needs.
Those objectives are better served by new approaches to design flexible transport hubs, allowing more efficient integration of activities. Finally, the features mentioned above should be developed in an operational safety and secure environment for the whole transport chain, concerned to deliver a progressive better and efficient quality of life for the users.
Single market for TEN-T and the wider Europe.
Cross border information integration and interoperability; Cross border investments and projects; Cross border planning; Data collection, management and sharing; Efficient and cross border coordinate use of Infrastructure; Industry and technologies constrains; Maintaining competitiveness.
Intelligent, resilient and cooperative infrastructure systems
Infrastructure for connected, cooperative and automated mobility (CCAM); Innovative materials and construction processes; Integration of networks and services; Intelligent asset management systems; IoT and Smart Infrastructures, Life-cycle assessment; Materials recycling and re-use for sustainable and resilient infrastructure; Resilience to extreme weather events; Risk mitigation and design for uncertainty; Traffic noise and vibrations mitigation; Transports-Buildings energy synergy and flexibility.
Integrating transport systems and business models; Intermodal hubs; New control technologies; Reliable and seamless connectivity for passengers and freight; Stations as multimodal and services hubs; Sustainable and integrated airports; Sustainable and integrated operations; Sustainable and integrated ports.
Safety and security
Active mobility; Cross border integration; Data ownership, sharing, privacy and cyber security; Ensuring non-intrusive security; Human behaviour and human-machine integration; Integration of cyber-physical threats; Passive and active safety; Risk and uncertainty from automation; Security of new transport systems; Traffic calming; Urban transport safety; Vulnerable users.
Economic recovery and resilient transport requires transformative policies, collaborative planning frameworks and enhanced financial tools for sustainable and smart mobility. Innovative governance and business models can support emerging concepts such as MaaS and PaaS. The socioeconomic impacts of micromobility and public transport integration, multimodality and CCAM need to be fully explored to answer social equity, health and environmental goals.
Pursuing global leadership and competitiveness in Europe requires supporting industrial policy for the digital and green transformation. Challenges include making the transport industry circular, internalize environmental externalities, foster sustainable value chains to yield significant social and environmental benefits and move towards Industry 5.0. European partnerships, multi-stakeholder collaboration and open science in transport research are important seeds for future mobility and innovation.
Transport Planning and Policy for Recovery and Resilience
Collaborative planning and co-creation; Collective transport and accessibility; European strategic planning; Gender issues; Integrated transport, land use and health planning; Multimodal/ Intermodal transport; Non-motorised mobility and micromobility; Resilient transport and cities; Social equity; Sustainable and intelligent mobility; Sustainable urban and regional mobility plans; Transport poverty and vulnerable users.
Innovative Business and Governance Models
Ex ante and ex post evaluation; Fair and affordable transport; Green transport investments; Intelligent mobility management platforms; Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) and integration of networks/services; Multimodal Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T);Multimodal transport governance; Open science in transport research; Performance indicators; Product-as-a-Service (PaaS) or Product-Service business models; Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) & Public-Private-People Partnerships; Risk sharing and stakeholders’ engagement; Shared mobility and CCAM; Socioeconomic and financial sustainability.
Internalisation of Transport Externalities and Pricing Carbon
Air pollution emissions (PM 10, PM2.5, etc.) from motorized transport; Biodiversity impacts (in transport corridors); Carbon emissions and carbon trading; Discrete-choice / Behavioural modelling; Economic values; Financial & socioeconomic sustainability; Green taxation; Impact assessment; Internalisation policies and marginal costs; Life-cycle Analysis; Traffic noise and vibrations.
Supporting Competitiveness & Industrial Policy
Circular economy and value chains; Competition policy, regulation and liberalisation of services; Data governance/Single market for data; Entrepreneurship and cross-modal cooperation; Human and value-centred Industry 4.0 / Industry 5.0;Industry & transport innovation; Market competitiveness and efficiency; Reducing freight costs; Socioeconomic and gender issues; Stakeholders (public and private); Sustainable commercial procurement; Transition pathways and cross-modal cooperation; Transport labour market; new skills and education/training; World corridors and the EU (e.g. the Belt and Road Initiative, The Bella Cable project).