In this Plenary Session, dedicated to Green Mobility and Decarbonization, the challenge related to carbon neutrality in the transport system will be explored considering different transport modes and the full value-chain approach. The main political initiatives that drive this session are related to the fulfilment of the European Green Deal and its overall goals concerning sustainability and Carbon neutrality. The EU Green Deal includes a target to reduce transport-related greenhouse gas emissions by 90% by 2050. To reach this goal, the Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy is also a key driver with the main priorities of increasing the uptake of zero-emission vehicles and having at least 100 climate-neutral cities in Europe by 2030.
Transport decarbonization is one of the greatest challenges that need to be addressed globally in an urgent and at-scale way. With current emissions, we will exhaust all carbon budget to stay within a 1.5 ºC temperature increase in the next 8 years. 75% of transport emissions come from the road, and this will continue to be the case in future as even in the most positive scenarios of rail/IWT share increase, most of the transport will remain on the road. During this plenary, we will address the complex subject of the energy transition and the need to transparently assess the GHG emissions on a well-to-wheel and Life Cycle Analysis basis. Additionally, the readiness for this transformation in cities is around the corner, and massive change is expected until 2030 in cities, so they move to be carbon neutral. Most industries are aware of this societal challenge and are taking the lead in reducing these emissions, with most leading companies aiming to reduce emissions by 50 % in 2030 and become net zero in 2040.