Connected and automated systems have enormous potential to fundamentally improve the functioning of the whole transport system and contribute to our sustainability and safety goals as well as to the integration of individual modes in the transport chain itself. It is specifically expected to increase safety (in all transport modes), as it by design eliminates the human factor, and, as such, the error associated to it, whereas it is considered to be directly contributing to transport efficiency and inclusion, energy and environmental goals as well as sustainability and resilience in multimodal transport overall. Still, this does not necessarily equate to competitive, reliable and interoperable end-user services which constitute a prerequisite for the penetration of connected and automated mobility in everyday life. At least not before some key milestones are fulfilled.
The optimum exploitation of applicable resources and investments as well as the CCAM operation as an inherent part of the sustainable multimodal transport is not resolved, not only on technical but, furthermore and especially on operational and regulatory grounds. This turns even more complex given the flourishment of new services and associated stakeholders that seem to get enabled in the future integrated transport paradigm. This is progressively taking place along with newly introduced business models, more complex and broader compared to the ones of traditional transport, borrowing elements from other domains (i.e. digital technologies), and quite often also diversified depending the application context. Finally, the multimodal layer adds more challenges, as the functional and seamless collaboration in between all transport modes is not clear yet.
Next to that, paving the way towards the deployment of automated mobility reflects also societal challenges. For turning the new paradigm into a reality, understanding individual and collective needs, based on changing mobility ecosystems, taking into account local/regional differences, environmental issues, accessibility (digital and physical), as well as the role of public authorities to leverage innovation in answering to societal and environmental challenges is deemed crucial. In this context, R&I activities that are supporting this mobility transition are required to be inclusive and grounded in responsible innovation.
The current session, namely “Multimodal CCAM in Europe” will bring together representatives from multimodal transport across Europe to present and discuss the status quo in CCAM as well as the approach and prerequisites to move forward with its actual deployment, building on the so far knowledge gained, resources spent and investments made. It will aim finally, to propose an upper level European roadmap for making CCAM a reality in mid and long term horizon and identify the key prerequisites in all layers – technical, operational, regulatory – in this direction. This will, in specific, stand as the objective of the closing round-table of the session.