The Green Deal is the main policy and legislative package for the greening of the European continent and its economy by 2050. Its most important part is the ‘Fit for 55’ package which aims to reduce the EU GHG emissions by 55% (as compared to 1990) by 2030. Here the waterborne and air transport sectors are targeted both by dedicated pieces of legislation – the FuelEU Maritime Initiative and the ReFuelEU Aviation Initiative – and by other key proposals, mainly the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation and the revised EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). The latter is critical as it will include much of both waterborne and air transport activities, leading to a paradigm shift for these sectors.
The ‘Fit for 55’ requirements are complementary or reinforce the broader approach enshrined in the Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy adopted by the EU, which focuses on three key aspects:
Also, according to this Strategy, airports and ports need to become zero-emissions by using clean technologies and digitalization, both for themselves and the transport services they facilitate. In addition, ports are recognized as potential “new clean energy hubs for integrated electricity systems, hydrogen and other low-carbon fuels, and testbeds for waste reuse and the circular economy”, thus greatly extending their importance.
A series of initiatives aimed at further cutting transport’s carbon footprint have recently been presented by the EC under the Efficient and Green Mobility package which covers four main topics: the development of the TEN-T network, the implementation of ITS, further support for and development of the rail sector and a new urban mobility strategy. Ports and airports are key elements and multimodal nodes along the TEN-T network, are most often part of or in the vicinity of major cities, and rolling-out digitalisation. Consequently, the new legislative package is of the highest importance for the aviation and waterborne transport sectors.
Objectives of the session: